Information in English
Germany supports medical care in Ukraine and guarantees comprehensive health care for refugees in Germany. Here you can find additional offers of assistance and important information.
What do I need to bear in mind when entering Germany?
According to the Ordinance on Coronavirus Entry Regulations, the 3G rules apply when crossing the border to Germany. This means anyone aged 12 or over should present a negative test result or proof of vaccination or recovery when entering the country. On account of the emergency situation owing to the war in Ukraine, a pragmatic solution is now in place: People entering from Ukraine who would not be considered vaccinated or recovered in Germany, or are unable to provide proof thereof, can also be tested after their arrival in Germany. It does, however, remain important that the hygiene rules continue to be followed, particularly with respect to the obligation to wear a mask.
Are refugees entitled to COVID-19 tests?
Yes. According to the Ordinance on Coronavirus Testing, Ukrainian refugees are entitled to a point-of-care antigen test. This entitlement also applies to people who are not insured with the statutory health insurance. For a citizens’ test, an official photo ID needs to be presented in order to confirm that person’s identity. A problem here, however, is that particularly the children travelling from these war zones often do not possess any form of identification. Due to the current situation, a pragmatic approach is required with regard to the documentation requirements. A non-bureaucratic approach to proving identity by presenting proof (e.g. driving licence, document on a mobile phone) is recommended.
What proof of vaccination is recognised? Is vaccination with Sinovac or Sputnik recognised in Germany?
According to the current legal situation, when presenting proof of vaccination for entry into Germany or for purposes stipulated in the COVID-19 Protective Measures Exemption Ordinance, vaccinations are only recognised when performed with vaccines that are authorised in the EU. Under the current law, and taking account of the relevant age-appropriate recommendations, people who were already vaccinated abroad with a COVID-19 vaccine not approved in the EU require a further vaccination series with a vaccine that is approved by the European Commission in order to attain “vaccinated” status in the EU.
At this point in time, after a previous vaccination with a COVID-19 vaccine not authorised in the EU, the Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) recommends beginning the vaccination series at the earliest after more than 28 days have passed since the last vaccine dose. In such cases, the people who are to be vaccinated should be informed that local and systemic reactions may occur with increased frequency. It is currently being examined whether it would be possible to recognise the vaccines that are only listed by WHO if further conditions are met (e.g. an additional vaccine dose with an mRNA vaccine).
Are refugees entitled to vaccination against coronavirus?
Yes. According to section 1 (1) of the Coronavirus Vaccination Ordinance, people who have no health insurance coverage are still entitled to vaccination against the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus if their place of residence or habitual residence is in the Federal Republic of Germany. In the case of Ukrainian refugees, the assumption of a “habitual residence” is to be made.At present, both doctors and pharmacists are performing COVID-19 vaccinations. In addition, it is possible to book vaccinations at vaccination centres or make use of local low-threshold mobile vaccination services that are provided by the Federal States.
Following on from this entitlement is a further entitlement to be issued a digital EU COVID vaccination certificate. If a criterion pursuant to section 1 of the Coronavirus Vaccination Ordinance applies, and where the remaining conditions are also met, a digital EU COVID vaccination certificate may be issued retrospectively in Germany if the vaccine that was administered is authorised within the EU. Digital vaccination certificates can be issued retrospectively free of charge at doctors’ surgeries and pharmacies. To this end, in particular, documentation of the vaccination needs to be presented that enables suitable steps to be taken in order to verify that a genuine COVID-19 vaccination certificate was indeed issued, specifically with regard to the identity of the person vaccinated and the authenticity of the vaccination documentation. Proof of vaccination can be provided in German, English, French, Italian or Spanish, in written or digital form.
Is information on vaccination and medical care available in Ukrainian?
Useful information on medical care in Germany is available in Ukrainian at http://www.germany4ukraine.de/. Find information in Ukrainian on coronavirus testing as well as coronavirus vaccination.at the www.zusammengegencorona.de website (http://www.zusammengegencorona.de). The Federal Ministry of Health is currently in the process of translating additional information materials into Ukrainian, such as the guidelines on coronavirus vaccination for children and adolescents.
You can find extensive information in Ukrainian on the measures to protect against coronavirus, including vaccination, at the website of the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA).
The RKI provides FAQs, recommendations and information on refugees and health and, in particular, on vaccination. A vaccination calendar as well as information leaflets on vaccination are available in various languages. Of these materials, the following information is available in Ukrainian: a vaccination calendar, information leaflets on COVID-19 vaccines (mRNA-based, vector-based and protein-based), on the MMR vaccine, on the DTaP-IPV vaccine (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis and polio) the DTaP-IPV-HB-Hib (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, polio, haemophilus influenzae type B and hepatitis B), and the varicella vaccine.
Furthermore, the RKI has prepared guidance on vaccinating refugees that is aimed at the facilities likely to be carrying out such vaccinations. This is available at https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/Infekt/Impfen/Stichwortliste/F/Flucht_und_Impfen.html.
Is enough of the COVID-19 vaccine available?
Yes, sufficient quantities of all the COVID-19 vaccines authorised in the EU are available. The vaccines for use in Germany can be ordered by doctors but also by other service providers via pharmacies. Vaccination remains possible in a straightforward manner across the country.
Will the people now arriving in Germany affect the rates of infection in Germany?
At this time, there is no reason to assume the general population is exposed to an increased risk of infection through refugees. Rather, refugees are themselves more exposed due to being forced to stay in confined spaces while fleeing and after they arrive in the destination country. The overall COVID-19 vaccination rate is still very low in Ukraine, with around 35% of the population having received a second dose. Similarly, with other infectious diseases such as measles, diphtheria and polio, the vaccination rates in Ukraine are comparatively low. It is important to provide these people with vaccinations and enable access to diagnosis and treatment promptly. According to the Coronavirus Vaccination Ordinance and the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act, refugees from Ukraine are entitled to vaccination. It is in the public's best interests if unvaccinated and not fully vaccinated people are entitled to and make use of this offer so as to enhance the protection of the population as a whole.
The RKI provides general information on the topics of refugees and health: www.rki.de/flucht